Eik Plaučių vėžio etapai, plaučių vėžio prognozė 1,2,3 ir 4 etapai
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Plaučių vėžio etapas

Piktybinis navikas eina per keturis pagrindinius jo vystymosi etapus, kurių kiekvienas išsiskiria pasireiškimo požymiais ir gydymo metodu. Visą paciento atsigavimą galima tik tuo atveju, jei liga diagnozuojama pačioje ligos pradžioje.



Plaučių vėžio stadija 1

1 plaučių vėžio stadija reiškia:

Piktybinis navikas turi nedidelį dydį ir dar nėra išplitęs į limfinę sistemą, ty jis nėra metastazuotas.

Plaučių vėžio 1A stadijos diagnozė reiškia, kad yra naviko, kurio skersmuo nepasiekė trijų centimetrų, o ligos vystymosi stadija 1B rodo, kad naviko skersmuo yra iki penkių centimetrų, bet dar nėra išplitęs į kraują, o tai reiškia, kad jis gali būti saugiai pašalintas nekeliant jokių pavojingų pasekmių.

Pirmojo vėžio stadijos pacientų išgyvenamumas siekia 70%. Labiausiai pavojingas mažųjų ląstelių vėžys, greitai suteikiantis metastazių. Jų aptikimo atveju pacientas yra nedelsiant gydomas (chirurginis naviko pašalinimas, spindulinė terapija, vartojant stiprius chemoterapinius vaistus).

Labai sunku atpažinti plaučių vėžio 1 stadiją, nes navikas vis dar yra toks mažas, kad praktiškai nesijaučia. Sergantis ligos pasireiškimo požymis yra kosulys, pirmiausia pasireiškiantis silpnu gerklės skausmu, palaipsniui didėjant, kartu su pūlingo skreplių išsiskyrimu su puvinio kvapu.

Plaučių vėžio stadija 2

2 plaučių vėžio stadijoje diagnozuojama daugiau nei penkių centimetrų auglio, jis pasireiškia padidėjusiu kosuliu su skrepliais, karščiavimu, krūtinės skausmu. Pacientas gali patirti dažnas uždusimas, oro trūkumas, greitai prarasti svorio. 2A stadijos vėžys reiškia, kad pats auglys pasiekia penkių centimetrų dydį, yra netoli limfmazgių, pirmieji metastazės pastebimos šiuose mazguose.

2B plaučių naviko diagnozė rodo, kad neoplazmas pasiekė santykinai didelį dydį (7 centimetrai), bet dar nėra išplitęs į artimiausius limfmazgius arba sudygęs į audinius, esančius netoli plaučių.

Pacientai, kuriems yra antrasis plaučių vėžio etapas, gali gyventi iki penkerių metų tik tinkamai gydydami. Išgyvenamumas yra gana mažas - tik 36% atvejų. Mažų ląstelių vėžio atveju šis rodiklis yra ne didesnis kaip 18%.

Plaučių vėžio stadija 3

Plaučių vėžio 3 stadija išsivysto, kai liga progresuoja be tinkamo gydymo, yra labai sunku gydyti ir yra padalyta į 3A ir 3B etapus.

Plaučių vėžio 3A stadijoje auglys pasiekia didesnį nei septynių centimetrų dydį, veikia glaudžiai esančius limfmazgius ir auga į pleurą, krūtinę ar trachėją. Kai kuriais ligos atvejais navikas paveikia arti širdies esančius kraujagysles.

3B vystymosi stadijoje piktybinis navikas auga į plaučių sienas, veikia limfmazgius, taip pat širdies raumenis, dėl kurio gali atsirasti perikarditas.

Plaučių vėžio 3 etapas nuolat primena save. Siekiant palengvinti būklę, visų pirma, siekiant pašalinti sunkų krūtinės skausmą, pacientui skiriami narkotiniai vaistai, antitussives. Pagrindinis ligos požymis šiuo metu: isteriškas drėgnas kosulys, turintis reikšmingą kraujo ar plaučių bronchų komponentų atskyrimą. Pagrindinis gydymas yra paskirtas slopinti ląstelių dalijimosi chemines medžiagas, taip pat parodomas viso plaučių ar viso kūno pašalinimas. Vaistai parenkami individualiai, priklausomai nuo naviko formos.

Pacientų, sergančių trečiuoju vėžio vystymosi etapu, išgyvenamumas yra labai mažas ir beveik artėja prie nulio.

Šiuo atveju ligos gydymas vaistais paprastai neduoda teigiamų rezultatų, navikas toliau progresuoja ir naikina netoliese esančius žmogaus organus. Galbūt jos metastazės į smegenis, kepenis, pieno liaukas moterims. Tik 9% visų pacientų gali būti išgelbėti nuo mirties, jei naudojamos šiuolaikinės pažangios technologijos vėžio gydymui ir chemoterapijos dozėms įkrauti.

Plaučių vėžio stadija 4

4 plaučių vėžio stadija yra mirtina ir negali būti gydoma. Šis etapas reiškia, kad piktybinis navikas išplito į netoliese esančius vidaus organus. Tuo pačiu metu pacientas gali patirti kepenų vėžio požymių, eksudato, prisotinto vėžinėmis ląstelėmis, susikaupimą aplink širdį ar antrą plaučius.

Pasakyti, kiek galite gyventi su plaučių vėžio diagnoze, tikrai ne. Pacientų, sergančių šia liga, išgyvenamumas gali skirtis priklausomai nuo jo vystymosi etapo, taip pat nuo priemonių, kurių buvo imtasi siekiant išsaugoti paciento gyvenimą.


| 2013 m. Gegužės 19 d | 7 001 | Onkologija
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Basic Learnings: Summary of the Entire Video: • see the effect humans have on the earth on a cosmic level. Think big! • The world need to create a lot more of resources to provide enough for everybody • Examine human behaviour to predict the future • perception vary from culture too culture • how you become are much decided of your environment around you and the surroundings that effects you • learning changes the physical structure of brain • poets, politicians, and priest might shape most of your views and standards. • Ask yourself good question about what shapes and controls the society • many people are mentally enslaved by money • the monetary banking system is enslaving us • the video claims that every currency will collapse because the banks are printing too much money. But the video have no more weight to explain why all of the currency’s will collapse. • the political system in the USA are corrupt and are controlled a lot by lobbyists. Drain the Swamp like Trump ones said🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸 • the wealthy people usually creates and make up the law in the USA 🇺🇸 •The developing countries are being suppressed by richer and developed countries • rich countries put up trade rules that takes advantage of poorer and developing countries. •The USA have a lot of prisoners. More than the Soviet Union has at their heights. • The poor people gets the worst places too live •Air pollution in China is highest in world and unliveable • the current economic system is not sustainable and are destroying the Earth • the earth has an limiting regeneration capacity • the sea levels could increase for about 7% world wide, because of the ice is melting • War is not part of the human nature. Peace is the way- Deepak Chopra • Many countries go to war to attain natural resources • we have some monumental problems • Check our “The Thrive” documentary. • Everyone could have abundance • technology is taking away lot of jobs. And many people are laid of. This is not a good pattern. We must create more jobs! • The Venus Project soloution is presented @ 49:27 • We need information flow create a sustainable future • or problems in the world, could be solved by technical people. • Science is about being rational, • if you are to get into nature, you need to get into the laws and rules which the nature operates around and within. The nature is predicable. •Show people the solution to the problems with models •Science is an universal language which everyone would understand all over the earth •the maker of this video, want to create a society where robots and machine does almost all the work and humans just chill and enjoy their life •the information should flow free between the different countries. •We must work together through cooperation, too build a better and more sustainable future •The development of A.I is going quite fast. Computer does thing faster than humans. •The maker of the video claims that A.I don’t have any ambitions. Which is something that would make it more reliable. •The goal to the project is too create shared prosperity. •Claims that A.I have multiple of positive use areas •Create channels of water too lead water into the desert which would make the desert more liveable. And higher amounts of water in the air and make the desert more greener. •Humans have massive potential to create and build many things on a large scale •The first city would be a major research senter •The system in V-project is self sustained. And is build round as a circle. Fresco design. •the future of V-project cities will have it all. It will have access building where you can access the thing you need •the v-project will have no money. Everyone will have the same rights and will have same opportunities and resources. Everyone will work together on same issues, everyone will cooperate in harmony. It will free people for a lot of time, which could be used for learning beneficial and useful knowledge about the world and nature=Abundance economy. •Ask people about their opinions. And use. •People are not born being greedy. Greed is created by lack of resources? •The V-project wants to eliminate scarcity. Abundance to more people •intelligence: the ability too abstract important information from something •creativity: take known system and put them into more complex system •study history of invention •being obsessed by money is not an healthy obsession. It’s not healthy •What motivate people •Options are tremendous if many people got the ground factors satisfied and covered. All ground needs taken care of •Bring new inventions to the world. Just get it down on the paper. •Make changes for the better. People should be ethical too the world. It would be better fore everyone. •The maker of the video claims that there never have been an democracy •all emotions will be translated into deeds and work and the reality •Do you love yourself all the time. You like and love parts in others being, not all of them •Dangerous: Claiming too always be conscious and aware. Consciousness are limited by senses. •We don’t see gamma rays or cosmic rays without equipment. •The video claims that the nature have no meaning. •loyality to invention: Improving everything that exist. •He promotes the Pleiades methodology. •Be loyal too only yourself and most important: Trust Yourself •We can make a far better world. You just have to think that you can change the world for the better. “Think and Grow Rich”. •video made by Jacque Francesco. •You can join working on making the project a reality by tuning in too the website which shows up in the last minutes of the video🌱✍️👽🔬 Hope you benefitted from this summary. Here is a little video/song from a part of culture I happen to enjoy. Hope you enjoy it also https://youtu.be/DU3tRMZhM38 https://www.youtube.com/user/TheMercifulServant https://youtu.be/EFJ7kDva7JE Subhanallah! Peace and blessings be with you. If you believe and do good deeds.

Taylor: It is no mystery when once we scroll down this comment section to see all and every amygdala tickled as viewers experience this newer MOST authoritative value system. At present any one of you who face this situation fearlessly will eventually arrive at the questioning of our emotional intelligence. Else we have not listened. About this we cannot disregard the conditions which have been subjected upon business men, lawyers, fire men etcetera. For the simple reason that when pointing out the problems of our culture it is often painfully offensive. So it seems to me entirely hopeless if teachings of enlightened men and women do not correspond to the functioning and well-being of our nerves, nervous system. When we explore these possibilities they must make sense without a fight else our teachings do not correspond to our healthiness. It seems flexibility will help. BE KIND, be friendly. The old are often hopeless, do not pick on them unless you can. And above all since you are here, learn learn learn.

Alex268 sunn: The question is, what is the concrete plan of the project. Many politicians today are older and are locked into our system. They do not want to lose anything. There is no progressive democracy in the USA and other countries. The citizens cannot have a say. Project Venus will not come unless this problem is solved, but nobody talks about it. No one is talking about solutions to change it. The world is not stable and this illusion does not exist, but in change and that is a good thing. Many problems, which are frightened of, depend on this fundamental problem, which should not be talked about. And in this system the elite and not the population wins. In many countries this is more or less pronounced. To quote Edward Snowden: The big question is who defines history and change. Every new system in the history of mankind comes from a system that people felt was unjust. They distanced themselves from it and then created a new system. But those who cannot fail cannot develop further. Times of peace have led to a kind of complacency. That allows demagogues and extreme elements to take advantage of people's comfort. This comfort, born in prosperity. We no longer had to fight and we did not have to stand up for and defend our ideas. We could not imagine that it could be threatened. Maybe we have become too comfortable and too quiet. Perhaps our inertia is our greatest enemy. Check out this documentary on the topic, then you will understand many things much better: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cHjYtaGBM_I&t=1819s This topic is present in America, but would also fit to this documentary. Edit: Jacque Fresco died on May 18, 2017 in Sebring, Florida.

Elena Elena: the Venus project is it communism (not socialism). The venus project is communism. History is cyclical, the world will come to communism soon or later.

WinterGirl: I'm not convinced by this. This model would have the majority of the world's population spending their days monitoring and maintaining machines. Maybe some of us like repetitive jobs or getting our hands in the soil.

Teal Jade: The problem cannot possibly be money itself, for it is just a tool. It is the corruptible mind of man that is the source of all of Earth's problems. Even cryptocurrency fails in the hands of men to some extent because of the competition for resources. Maybe the real test of mankind is to keep the scales of the soul balanced during one's time. Will we ever uplift one another instead of destroy one another?

Гулсим Батырбекова: ЖЕКЕ КӘСІПКЕРЛІК,БИЗНЕСКЕ «ИНВЕСТОР» КЕРЕК! Баспаханалардың «Қазақша дәптерлер» коммерциялық ұсынысы негізінде жалпы көпшіліктің тұтынысындағы мұқабалары қазақ тілінде безендірілетін үлгідегі А) 12 парақтық көлбеу сызықты оқушы дәптерін(1 сыныптар үшін) Ә) 12,24,36,48 парақтық түзу сызықты жазу дәптері және тор сызықты есеп дәптерлерін шығаруға қатысуын сұраймын. Бұл Отандық өнімге жатады.Іс-қағаздары Мемлекеттік тілде жүргізіледі.Безендіру ісін өзім жасаймын. ***Қазір Қазақстан аумағындағы дүкендерде,базарларда мұқабалары орыс тілінде,кейде Ресейдің ән ұранымен немесе ағылшынша суреттермен безендірілген дәптерлер сатылып жүр. ***Қазақстандағы әр екінші отбасында дәптер пайдаланатын оқушы,студент бар.Демек,бұл өз шығынын өзі жабатын,пайда әкелетін,дамитын бизнес саласы. ***ТМД және басқа тәуелсіз түркі мемлекеттерінен де сұраныс болатынына сенімім зор. ***Банктен несиені бизнес,кәсіп бастауға емес,оны дамытуға алу керек. Бизнес,кәсіп ашуға қазақтар үшін 2 кедергі бар: 1.Өнім,товар шығаруға алғашқы қаражат табу. 2.Дайын өнім,товарларды тасымалдау,өткізу және сату. "Kaspi Gold": 5169 4971 0451 5584 Карта "Халық банк»: 6233 5710 0363 3001 Пополнение единицы: "Актив" 8 778 742 45 23 Пост авторы: Журналист-блогер Гүлсім Батырбекова

BikeTravelTheater.org: I don´t know much about the venus project. Would be nice to have another documentary with more details about how is this achievable and what single people can do.

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